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Tuesday, May 10, 2011

Civil Engineering as subject

Introduction
Civil Engineering is a technology which deals with structural design, construction, and maintenance of outdoor structural design. Civil engineering is mainly concerned with structural environment like bridges, roads, canal, dams, large building, transportation, power generation, and numerous other facilities that affect the life of human beings. Civil engineering is considered as the first discipline of the various branches of engineering after military engineering, and includes the designing, planning, construction, and maintenance of the infrastructure.


About this subject
Civil engineering is a multiple science encompassing numerous sub-disciplines that are closely linked with each other. The various sub-disciplines of civil engineering are Structural Engineering, Geo-technical Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Environmental Engineering and some of the other disciplines included in civil engineering are coastal engineering, construction engineering, earthquake engineering, materials science,
transportation engineering, and surveying. It is the civil engineering that has enabled the development of some of the monstrous structures of the world be it Taj Mahal, Eifel tower, White House, Twin Towers in Malaysia etc.

The Main Role of Civil Engineer

The duty of the civil engineer is to develop various structures for private or public use. There are various fields that a candidate who is interested in taking civil engineering as his career, can opt for. When making a career choice always give top most priority to your interests and strengths and less to the jobs available in the market. Civil engineering is also one of the best choices you want to work independently by opening a firm. Here are various fields in civil engineering, which you can consider while planning a career in civil engineering.
1) Consulting Engineer: You can become a private consultant engineer or join some company as the consulting engineer. The main job of the consulting engineer is to design the buildings, bridges, air ports etc.and consultation to the contractors who will actually carry out construction activities.
2) Construction engineer: You can do the construction as the private contractor or as an engineer in the company.Your job will be to plan and supervise various construction activities like making the bridges, buildings, shopping complex, theaters etc. Here you will handle a team of workers who will construct the walls, do structural works, plumbing, painting etc. The construction engineer works under the guidance of and the drawings provided by the consulting engineer.
3) Structural engineer: The structural engineer designs various concrete structures like roof of the building, the structures for the bridges, flyovers, air ports, power plants etc. The contractor cannot do the construction of structures without the approval of qualified structural engineer. To have a post graduate one needs to have a bachelor’s degree.
4) Surveying: Before starting any work in civil engineering project, surveying is carried out to study the feasibility of the project. The surveying is also carried out to study the complete layout of the land where construction activity is proposed. There are certain companies and independent engineers exclusively involved into the surveying activities though in many cases, the consultant engineers and firms also carry out these activities.
5) CAD Expert: This is one of the hottest careers in civil engineering. As the CAD expert you can create various building designs and drawings using CAD software like AutoCAD, CATIA, Ansys etc.


Pay scale

Normally civil engineers have different salary range starting from $55,845 to $107,345 depending upon the years of their years of experience.
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1 comment:

Julie Stewart said...

This post is really informative. I have gained new information from this.

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